American Museum of Natural History from Ian Tattersall and Rob Desalle, ‘Wine Natural History’ books with both starting from a cave in Armenia is rewriting the history of the wine, as well as going after the present-day reflection of the techniques used thousands of years ago.
In 2010, about 5 thousand 500-year-old world’s oldest known leather shoe, when found in a cave in Armenia Areni village, archaeologists who made this great discovery, but they also have unearthed more of another milestone in human history. The excavations have revealed a winepress dating from thousands of years ago, the fermentation vessels, wine cellar, wine glasses and wine grapes were dried. All calculations, in the history of wine is about 6 thousand 100 years ago, the world’s oldest known winery Aréna revealed that starts in these caves.
This discovery has mobilized two American scientists are wine lovers. American Museum of Natural History from Ian Tattersall and Rob Desalle, ‘Wine Natural History’ books with both starting from a cave in Armenia is rewriting the history of the wine, as well as going after the present-day reflection of the techniques used thousands of years ago.
Two scientists Tattersall and De Salle, “You can think of it as a living culture to ferment the wine. One of the first things people do when they settled was passed to the fermentation of grapes, “he says. We live in this culture, we lay the roots of the Armenian wine.
Leather shoes wine lovers the ancient mystery of the identity of people while still imperative, drink culture, it turns out that they come from ritual to honor the dead.
“Areni-1 ‘is Gregory Areshi archaeologists working at the cave,” we have set up funeral buried around twenty grape wine press. This wine production in these caves about the ritual, “he says and adds,” I think the cave dingy appropriate for a funeral is a place, but also a nice place to make wine. They also have wine right next to your head, so you’re happy with your ancestors. “
Depths of the cave
The work of archaeologists slowly continues, they reached the last layer, Neolithic to Bronze Age overlaps of the remaining approximately 6 thousand years between coming across traces of a life they did not know before. It is during this period that sits near the settled life in the East, living in the Areni-1 cave, the dead, that they have a period in which they bury deeper into the cave along with other things.
Authors Tattersall and Desalle, “you advance to the deep past the part of the bright and airy at the cave entrance, natural lighting, location, connected to a deep hole on the left side drafty leave the light beam illuminates the long search for the passage,” he says.
Makes important findings in Areni-1, which would otherwise be no easy decompose organic matter in a cool and dry inside the kind that will keep space … the utensils used in the daily life of that period, the host Areni-1, the ancient first winery people known in history has left us.
A big fermentation vat and unique grape crushing mechanism with great importance of this cave in Armenia, because it marks the only they have access to science tries to uncover the history of the wine man often is indirect, such as in monitors chemicals in a vat that is considered to be wine kept … Areni-1 is grape crush many times have found a piece of broken pottery. Parts of the age of the carbon test with 6 thousand 6 thousand 100-year-old remains of the grapes have been identified.
Recently concluded that DNA studies reveal that grapes also first domesticated in the South Caucasus. Viticulture in five thousand years ago in Mesopotamia, Jordan and have enough archaeological evidence to Egypt. Viticulture can say that if Areni-1 in the first winery to start much earlier.
Tattersall and Desalle, “One of the surprising aspects of the winery in Areni-1 was also used as a test, like a wine jar ‘cemetery’ was available. These cubes also housed the remains of people of different ages. Men women and children of the dead are burned remains of exploded. Animals found in glasses made of horn, “he says.
Areni-1 chief archaeologist working in the wine-making by Boris Gasparyan, has a close relationship-crushing rituals such as cremation and burial. Writers, “Gasparian said that if the situation is like, Areni-1, seen frequently in the later period of antiquity, funerals and other rituals may have started the tradition of using fermented drink,” he says.
The cradle of wine
Armenia and Georgia are still six thousand years ago Areni-1 is made with techniques used in wine cave. Grapes, Armenian ‘undecided’ Georgian ‘Kverva of’ is brewing in the so-called clay pots.
viticulture in Ermeistan most common grape fields from the name of the village of Areni, the Italian initiative of the Armenian Zorik Gharibian ‘Zorah Karasi Areni Noir’ is bottled by name. After living in Italy for a while, he returned to Armenia Gharibian to revive the wine industry, which for thousands of years ‘undecided’ have sought to use the tradition.
Armenia’s neighbor Georgia in the same way, ‘kvevr’ is made wines. ‘Iago Bitarishvil the Chinur the Qvevr 8’ and ‘Khareb Sapareva the’ name of the işelen wine producers are trying to keep alive the ancient tradition.
Levon Donation: The ancient methods of Antiquity wines
Areni-1 cave oldest known prior to his winery in China, while the oldest finds in wine-making about the Zargos Mountains’ Haji Firuz was taking place in the Hill. Hajji Firuz finds on the hill, older people would indicate that the test wine store. According to the Bible, where the first wine produced Anatolia … Flood after the first set foot on Mount Ararat of Noah, the first thing he has to stare wine vineyards. Moreover, also said that the internal decisions of Noah so, according to the book have drunk internal displacement of drinking. this incident in the Old Testament “Ships in the seventh month, and sat on the Mount Ararat, the seventeenth day of the month … And Noah began to be a double and planted a vineyard and wine was drunk from drinking,” he explained. This legend of the history of the Benjamin of the largest wine lovers Franklin in his own following comments: “Noah before only drink water that people, the truth did not reach a kind. So terribly by Oppressor was and drinking them by the love of the water, was destroyed as it deserved. All contemporary of these future cheesy interior decent man who saw the march dispersed, Noah has developed a disenchantment with the water. the need to remove his thirst God created the vine and showed the art of making wine to Noah. with the help of this liquid he pulled out day after day to face the new realities of the day. “
Just, Eastern Anatolia and Georgia, Armenia is the motherland of wine, the small population and because of the almost total inability ever exported wines abroad only produces close to 5 million liters of wine. They produce their wines are often old-fashioned iron curtain country-specific semi-sweet wines … But this style outside the old-fashioned wines, Voske Hat, Hınduğn of Kang’s and Areni as many local vineyards and internationally recognized in the best wines from different grapes began to be produced slowly.
In ancient times in winemaking and production containers to store the most frequently used, large cubes made of soil. These cubes are believed to affect the taste of wine more favorable place in time and which is still used today usually left in barrels made from oak. Transcaucasia, the first place where the wine is produced all over the world that Armenia, Georgia and outside the region, including Eastern Anatolia hardly a manufacturer engaged in the production of these ancient methods. Cappadocia in recent years has been producing the techniques he learned from Georgian Wines Gelveri one producer operating in this way in our country …
Technically soften more smoothy the air permeability of the body of wines Judging by cube wines allows the production, like oak barrels, but the barrels so uncontrolled that air permeability causes the wine of the emergence of similar tastes and smells that the disorder is not easily oxidized. It also covers the earth earthy and intense aromas of wine that had been customary for many wine lovers are not even acceptable flavors.
Although, now forgotten, though slowly tend to be popular in the wine realm of eggs in the form of a new generation of wine tanks used in making the earth and inspired by contemporary wine from these vessels.
Both historical and geographical features of the reasons this region that is considered to be the homeland of wine, thanks to the grapes and cultural heritage on the ride they have is taking steps towards producing wine to be popularized by eliminating the coming years.