Between 1894 and 1924, Turkish leaders, seeking to create a religiously and “racially” pure state as the Ottoman Empire unravelled, organized and implemented a plan of genocide against the Christian populations of Turkey. The genocide was carried out in stages by official forces as well as irregulars and civilians. It involved mass murder and rape, pillage, abduction and expulsion. In the course of the Republic of Turkey’s formation, around 2 million Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks were killed, their property and wealth expropriated, and their ancient cultural and material heritages largely destroyed.
The Thirty-Year Genocide is a landmark contribution to the study of these epochal events. Benny Morris and Dror Ze’evi – both Israeli scholars – conclude that the destruction unleashed on the Christians of Turkey was centrally planned and indisputably constitutes genocide. They emphasize three additional arguments: anti-Christian massacres in the late nineteenth century were not isolated incidents, but…
Benny Morris and Dror Ze’evi
THE THIRTY-YEAR GENOCIDE
Turkey’s destruction of its Christian minorities, 1894–1924
672pp. Harvard University Press. £25 (US $35).
BLOODIED, BUT UNBOWED
A memoir of the Ashur & Arshaluys Yousuf family
Edited by Arda Darakjian Clark
Translated by Ishkhan Jinbashian
426pp. Nineveh Press. £15.99.