A former head of the security department of the Trabzon police, who had been arrested for his alleged role in the murder of ethnic Armenian journalist Hrant Dink was released by decision of the Turkish court. At the request of three suspects in detention places and their lawyers at the seventh session of the trial of those responsible for this assassination, the 14th Court of Serious Crimes ordered the release of Ercan Demir, arguing that the nature of expenses.
Journalist Hrant Dink murder in Trabzon Gendarmerie Intelligence officials ‘suspicious’ movement entered the investigation file. The report on the HTS record phone at Trabzon Gendarmerie Intelligence officers of Dink’s murder was found that 9 to 11 August 2006 Previously signaled 5 minutes from the Dinka’s house. The report was included in the photo provided by the office block phone signals.
Agos newspaper chief editor Hrant Dink’s murder in Trabzon omissions on foot, one of the first ring of the chain murders of the gendarmerie intelligence officers appeared to be in contact instigator Yasin Hayal. 9 imagine, according to documents in the folder additional annual cases of husband Coskun workers still on 13 May 2013 in Istanbul under investigation were interviewed by the TEM Branch. In his statement Igci, Yasin Hayal from friends in the summer of 2006, stating that he would kill a journalist, “I met with Yasin Hayal on this. ‘There was an Armenian writer Hrant Dink said.
back and forth about writing articles in the Turkish newspaper Agos. Therefore I will kill Hrant Dink, “he said,” he said. İğci, noting that imagination ask if you can find him a gun, “who after leaving my acquaintance with the name of Yasin and Master Sergeant Veysel Şahin I know as I called Peters. I’ve escalated the situation. We met in a park in Aqaba Okan Şimşek and Veysel Şahin. Okan Şimşek noted the information in detail. ‘You take the money, we will get back to you’ and we left, “he said.
After receiving the money İğci imagine explaining meet again with the Gendarmerie Intelligence officers, “I told them Yasin information and documents shown to me and asked what I would do with the money I got from Yassin. Okan Şimşek told me ‘you can keep the money, we’ll let you know, we follow Yassin and his friends, “they said. I met with Search Search gendarmes after this date.
You’ve always thought that under control themselves Yassin, saying I was going to find the weapon they say gloss over Yassin my work, “he said. İğci, in September 2006 saying that Yassin himself compress the gendarmerie intelligence officers, they also told him “returned the money saying it can not find the gun”, he said, too. İğci when these officials in later interviews with the Imagination is now asking the state of the negotiations themselves, “Yasin Hayal will not do the job. under our supervision. We have done that job, “he said he had to say.
‘Post is going piercing’
İğci Dink after he was killed on January 22, 2007 the Gendarmerie Intelligence officer Sergeant Major Okan Şimşek, the NCO said said they came to Veysel Şahin and Önder Araz’s work: “In the case Okan Şimşek police to take me were definitely separated from said and workplace should not mention these issues. By calling me at work the next day and left a note in the form they want to meet me.
I then called them the number they gave me and I went to the bus station in Trabzon January 24, 2007, evening. They invited me into the van. We went for a while until cubits from the bus station. Okan Şimşek car that I should not tell anyone this event otherwise would be bad for me, this is the life that is threatening emergency, if I tell you what I know in a covered manner, saying it would jeopardize my personal safety was threatened me. They left the bus station in Trabzon, where they take me. Do not let me come right after a black pickup stopped next to me.
male party found in the pickup me ‘hemşerim almost piercing post of going,’ he said and left. I was quite surprised and could not make sense of this situation. “
‘Denied the expression’
Again after the murder of the gendarmerie intelligence officers Gazi Günay who often came to him stating that İğci, “I can not tell you what I know at this point commute warned many times. He was showing up in places I never expected. In these interviews, I refute me safety and I gave expression in the prosecutor’s office, given that I have already expressed the scenario is made up of the police results put pressure on me in my ezberleterek me he wanted me to say I gave this statement, “he said.
transferring the İğci receive the testimony of investigators from the Ministry and the Gendarmerie General Command, “the gendarmerie inspectors during phrase Süleyman Dogan and Jesus that fit its insistence police have told Ozturk, I could not construct it have told, but they said I talked to that scenario the police can be edited and lies. Colonel Suleiman nature to me, ‘This job is not your job, the job of the police, you are doing with the pressure of police work. Goodness should not freak out until you will do something, do not worry, “he said,” he said.
That office block
In addition to the folders on the report prepared for the HTS record Trabzon Gendarmerie graphics also took place about the relationship with the intelligence officer Yasin Hayal. In the report, the Gendarmerie Intelligence officials gave the phone to the Dink Dink signal 5 minutes walk from the house in Bakirkoy 9-11 August 2006 before the murder was detected.
In the report, the office block given signal was given to the photo of the phone. The report, which dates from the Gendarmerie Intelligence officers Okan Simsek, Ergun Yorulmaz was noted that the signal from Istanbul Gazi Günay phone. This date in Zechariah Catering behalf they are connected with the registered number, which turned one of these numbers before coming to Istanbul and were found to be used only in Istanbul.
Ads Ligatus – BEGIN Siyaset This is where the Ligatus ad should appear after page loading
An Istanbul prosecutor has unearthed files which show that Trabzon police intelligence had known about Ogün Samast, the hitman in Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink’s murder, before the incident took place.
Gökalp Kökçü, the chief public prosecutor heading the investigation, believes that the Trabzon police intelligence unit was told by Erhan Tuncel, a police informant at the time, that a person named Ogün had been chosen as the hitman for Dink’s murder before the incident took place in Istanbul in January 2007.
Samast assassinated Dink in broad daylight on a busy street outside of the office of the bilingual Turkish-Armenian weekly Agos in Istanbul’s Şişli district. Samast is serving a sentence of 22 years and 10 months in a high-security prison. Yasin Hayal and Tuncel were accused of encouraging Samast to kill Dink in the Black Sea province of Trabzon.
Samast had come to Istanbul for the first time in his life two days before committing the crime from Trabzon. The family of Dink believed that there were more connections and people behind the murder and sought a detailed investigation during the long trial period. Kökçü said Trabzon police were informed about Samast’s ties with those who planned the murder of Dink around four months before the crime took place. Trabzon police previously told the court that they had not had any reports about the issue after April 8, 2006.
Tuncel said in his testimony on Oct. 29, 2013, that he had informed intelligence officers in Trabzon police in September or October 2006 that Hayal had arranged a new shooter. However, Trabzon police did not have any files from Tuncel about the new shooter or that cited the name of Samast.
Police intelligence chief Engin Dinç, meanwhile, gave a file to the prosecutor on Aug. 26 when his testimony was being taken as a suspect. The file showed a report that on Sept. 12, 2006, Tuncel had met with Trabzon intelligence officers Mehmet Ayhan and Mehmet Uçar. Another file about the meeting could not be provided by the Trabzon intelligence unit, leading the prosecutor to conclude that the second file was destroyed.
On Oct. 8, five former police officers recently detained on the charge of negligence in public duty were released, while four others under arrest have been cleared of charges of premeditated murder, forming an illegal organization, and membership in an illegal organization to commit crime in the murder case of Dink.
Former Trabzon Police Department Intelligence Unit head Faruk Sarı, along with former police officers Yılmaz Angın, Bülent Demireleski, Osman Gülbel, Mehmet Ayhan and Onur Karakaya were all released on a ruling issued by the Istanbul 2nd Criminal Court of Peace early Oct. 8 after being detained Oct. 7 on the charge negligence in public duty.
The court ruling also recommended the dismissal of the charges of premeditated murder, forming an illegal organization and membership in an illegal organization to commit crime against four former police officers under arrest in the case, Ramazan Akyürek, Ercan Demir, Özkan Mumcu and Muhittin Zenit.
Akyürek, Zenit, Mumcu and Demir were previously arrested for negligence that caused Dink’s murder and were sent to prison, with the ruling recommending that the four be kept under arrest on the charge of negligence causing death.
At the time of Dink’s murder, Akyürek was the head of the Turkish National Police (EGM) Intelligence Directorate and Demir was the head of the police department in the Cizre district of the southeastern province of Şırnak.
By TERRY RICHARDSON / LONDON
Disembarking at the Black Sea port of Samsun in the spring of 1879, the British geographer Henry Fanshawe Tozer made his way southwest over several mountain chains to the Central Anatolia plateau. Here he explored the fascinating remains around the Hittite capital of Hattuşa, east of Ankara, before riding southeast to the crucial trading hub of Kayseri. After a quick detour west to the fairy tale landscape of Cappadocia, Tozer and his party headed northeast to Sivas, then southeast across the biblical Euphrates to Harput (outside modern Elazığ).
From Harput onward, the territory the curious Tozer would venture through was inhabited largely by Kurds and Armenians. It was a remote and mountainous region that the Ottoman authorities were struggling to keep a firm grip on — especially in the wake of the crippling 1877-8 war with Russia. Britain, motivated by its own interests in the region, had stepped in to help Ottoman Turkey against imperial Russia. In return, the ruling sultan, Abdul Hamid II, had been forced to accept the presence of British officials roaming at will over Anatolia — handy for British travelers’ such as Tozer in the short-term, but the resentment caused by this partial ceding of independence to a foreign power was to eventually have devastating consequences for Anatolia’s Christian population.
From Harput to Muş
From Harput, Tozer headed east to the today little-visited town of Palu. Here he was shown some rock-cut chambers in the Urartian fortress, which his guides informed him “were the dwelling place of St Mezrop, the Armenian saint, who invented the Armenian alphabet about 406 AD.” The party then skirted the mountainous Dersim region (today the Munzur Mountains around Tunceli). Having mainly fraternized with Turks, Greeks and Armenians up until now, the party had their first contact with Kurds. The group they met “hardly spoke a word of Turkish, so that we had difficulty communicating with them, and we found them very suspicious, and demanding high price for articles such as milk and cheese, which we bought of them, and demanding the money be paid on the spot.”
Today the Surp Garabet Monastery on the Muş Plain, the party’s next destination, is completely ruined and desolate. Tozer reached it on Aug. 24, 1879 and found this important monastery — believed by Armenians to contain a very holy relic, the body of John the Baptist — and pilgrimage stop “full of men, women and children … picnicking on the ground. … Some of the women had one nostril pierced for a silver ornament.” The monastery was then home to 20 monks, the head priest of which spoke fluent French, and 180 lay brothers.
The town of Muş was quite the contrast to the monastery, being “quite the filthiest town we had met with in Turkey … the pavements were broken and ragged; every street was an open drain, and the stenches were fearful.” After lodging in Muş with a well-off Armenian, the travelers set-off the next morning on fresh horses for Bitlis, nestling deep down in a valley below Lake Van. Here they were hosted by a well-known American missionary, Reverend George Knapp, who was working with the local Armenian community. According to Tozer, Bitlis — today a fascinating place clustered around its imposing old citadel — consisted of “3000 houses, 2000 of which belong to Kurds, 1000 to Armenians, 20 to the Turks and 50 to the Syrians.”
Up Mount Süphan and by boat across Lake Van
Every traveler to eastern Turkey today longs for their first sight of Lake Van. Back in 1979, Tozer first saw it following a five-hour ride from Bitlis. “A beautiful view, owing to the numerous bays, the succession of headlands, and the finely cut outline of the ridges.” The party rode around the north shore of the lake to Ahlat, famed for its Selçuk tombs and gravestones, before reaching the pretty settlement of Adilcevaz. Having conquered Mount Erciyes outside of Kayseri, the lure of the even higher Mount Süphan, a volcanic cone towering above the village, was irresistible. Despite camping 7,000 feet up on the slopes of the peak and leaving at 3 a.m. the next morning, Tozer, who was weakened by the journey, failed to reach the summit. He did, however, enjoy the splendid lake and mountain views from the rim of this crater-topped, 4,058-meter-high peak.
Tozer and his companions reached Van by sailing from Adilcevaz and lodged in the old, walled town at the foot of the dramatic Rock of Van. Today Van is an undulating sea of rubble, bar a couple of well-restored Ottoman mosques and the scant remnants of a church and a couple of caravanserais, but it then had a prosperous population of some 30,000 “of whom three fourths are Armenians.”
The Rock of Van
Eager to explore the Rock of Van, Tozer first had to get permission from the commandant of the Ottoman garrison then stationed atop it. Then, as now, the view from the summit of the sheer, 100-meter-high, 1.5-kilometer-long rock was spectacular: “The panorama from the highest point was enchanting, for on one side lay the expanse of the blue sparkly lake, with its circuit of mountains, among which Siphan [Süphan] and Nimrud Dagh [Nemrut] were conspicuous, while on the opposite direction the broken Varak Dagh [Erek] formed a noble object.”
The oldest historic remains on the rock are now known to be Urartian, a unique civilization centered in Van between 900 and 600 B.C. At the time of Tozer’s visit, they were thought to be Assyrian and the cuneiform inscriptions that mark the rock-cut tomb of Urartian King Argishti I that Tozer saw were “still a riddle to philologists.” Before leaving Van, Tozer visited another American missionary promoting the Protestant variant of the Christian faith to the sometimes unwilling Apostolic Armenians led by Dr. Reynolds.
Past Kurdish encampments and a biblical peak to Erzurum
They left Van on Sept. 6, riding north along the eastern shore of the lake and then following the gorge of Bendimah River. Led by a local, they overnighted at a Kurdish encampment “with numerous tents forming a long line, some large and black, others smaller, round and white. The men who were hanging about them were a wild and surly looking set, with hair streaming down in long locks … all of course were armed. Their possessions might be seen about the encampment — sheep, goats, oxen and cows, herds of horses, big mastiff dogs, and greyhounds clothed in small coats. The whole formed a highly picturesque scene.”
Avoiding Doğubeyazıt, which according to the locals had been ruined in the war with Russia, they headed across high, volcanic peaks to Diyadin — today known for its hot springs — reveling in the fine view of 5,165-meter-high Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağ) en route. From Diyadin they continued westward towards Erzurum, passing “a long line of 170 laden camels.” Tozer was impressed with Erzurum as they approached, noting, “As seen from without, it seemed the most imposing city, with the exception of Amasia, that we had reached on our journey, owing to the numerous minarets and other striking buildings that rise from its midst.”
In Erzurum they were “received with the greatest kindness by our consul, General Major Trotter, who entertained us during our stay.” Trotter had been in the city during the recent Russian siege during which the strategically crucial outpost nearly fell, and according to Tozer, the population had fallen to around 20,000 as a result of the recent difficulties. Tozer reported that the whole region was in disarray as the Kurds were taking advantage of the lack of central control (the Ottoman troops had not been paid in four years) to pillage the Armenians. Worse, the Circassians (Çerkez) who had arrived as a result of Russian advances “came with nothing but their arms … they follow no pursuits save those of highway robbers and petty pilfering, and being well-armed with rifles, revolvers and swords, whilst the Zapitehs (Ottoman police) often have nothing better than flintlock guns.”
From Erzurum Tozer’s party headed north, over the Kop Pass, to the top of the Pontic Alps from where they “looked down into a deep valley, in which were cheerful, well-built villages, with walls of stone and red-tile roofs; beyond this rose forest clad mountains … delicately cut ridges … the snow-topped mountains of Lazistan and, completing all, the expanse of the soft-blue Euxine (Black Sea).” The cultural, topographic and climatic contrast between the arid Anatolian Plateau and the Black Sea hinterland still shocks travelers today, how much more marked it must have been in Tozer’s day.
Tozer waxed lyrical about their next stop, the famous cliff-hanging monastery of Sumela, then still inhabited by Greek Orthodox monks. They were hosted by the gracious monks and as they left the next day for Trabzon the normally reserved Brit was moved to write that it was “one of the loveliest spots we had ever seen.” It remains a picturesque place with the monastery recently restored. The monks, though, are long gone, prey to the post-WWI population exchange between Greece and Turkey.
Finally they reached Trabzon, or Trebizond as Tozer knew it: “We came in sight of the city, which was the term of our wandering. We had concluded a ride of 1,500 miles, which had been accomplished without illness or incident of any kind.” It was indeed quite an achievement. In Trabzon they explored the various Byzantine churches turned mosques, but couldn’t gain access to the famous Haghia Sophia (Aya Sofya) as it “had been appropriated for military purposes.” Then on Sept. 27 Tozer and his companion, TM Crowder, boarded a French steamship bound for Constantinople.
Henry Fanshawe Tozer’s “Turkish Armenia and Eastern Asia Minor” can be read online at https://archive.org/details/turkisharmeniaea00tozeuoft.
Hrant Dink murder trial on charges of dereliction of duty in Trabzon Provincial Gendarmerie Commander Ali Extract of the period of the trial, which is the future waiting for a decision from the Supreme Court.